An official Census 2011 detail of The Nilgiris (Nilgiris), a district of Tamil Nadu has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Tamil Nadu. The Nelliyalam city is divided into 21 wards for which elections are held every 5 years.  It serves many of the more heavily populated areas of the district, including Coonoor, Wellington, Aruvankadu, Ketti, Lovedale and Ooty. Under British influence they cultivated English vegetables and later moved on to tea. Paddy is also grown in the Thengumarahada area in Kotagiri Taluk. Average literacy rate of The Nilgiris in 2011 were 85.20 compared to 80.01 of 2001. Kotagiri Block comprises the taluk of Kotagiri. The district consists of 56 revenue villages and 15 revenue firkas. In the later 19th century, when the British Straits Settlement shipped Chinese convicts to be jailed in India, some of these men were settled on the Nilgiri plateau near Naduvattam. Its latitudinal and longitudinal location is 130 km (Latitude: 11°12 N to 11°37 N) by 185 km (Longitude : 76°30 E to 76°55 E). Out of the total The Nilgiris population for 2011 census, 59.24 percent lives in urban regions of district. These forests are home to the largest herd of Asian elephants in India, who range from the Nilgiris across towards the Eastern Ghats. Two ecoregions cover portions of the Nilgiris. During summer the temperature reaches a maximum of 25 °C (77 °F) and a minimum of 10 °C (50 °F). Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 32.08% and 4.46% of the population, respectively. Malayalam is the second largest language, with 20% speaking it. The police said that in 2019, seven murder cases were re The district has been intentionally underdeveloped as it is bereft of quality healthcare facilities, universities, environment-friendly industries, affordable quality higher education and basic infrastructure. These forests extend south along the Western Ghats range to the southern tip of India, and are dominated by a diverse assemblage of trees, many of them deciduous during the winter and spring dry season. Considering the district is a horticultural hub for various vegetables and cash crops, the district administration is striving to make the Nilgiris district an “organic district” in three years (starting end of 2019). This land is the major resource amongst the Badagas, which even today most Badagas are ignorant about. km. Above 1500 metres' elevation, the evergreen forests begin to give way to stunted forests, locally called sholas, which are interspersed with open grassland The high grasslands are home to the endangered Nilgiri tahr, which resembles a stocky goat with curved horns. The Badagas did not find any representation in independent India's Constituent Assembly; to deprive the unlettered Badaga of their land it was intentionally left out of the tribal list post independence. Shola-grassland ecosystem in the Nilgiris. Welcome to Nilgiris, one of the oldest mountain ranges, located at the tri-junction of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. Ooty the “Queen of Hill Stations”, Coonoor 19 kms from Ooty and Kotagiri 31 kms from Ooty, are the three hill stations of … In actual number 347,692 people are literate in urban region of which males and females are 180,984 and 166,708 respectively. During the early 17th century, the first European is recorded as entering the Nilgiri Hills, an Italian priest/explorer named Fenicio.  The district is also home to the Kurumba, Irula, Paniyan and Kattunayakan or Nayaka.  Europeans soon started settling here or using the plateau as a summer resort and homes for retirees. Its economy is based on commodity crops of tea, coffee, and spices, followed in importance by potato, cabbage, carrot, and fruit. This approx 0.04% of total population of The Nilgiris district. Out of total population, 40.76% of population lives in Urban area and 59.24% lives in Rural area. According to 2011 census, Nelliyalam had a population of 44,590 with a sex-ratio of 1,035 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. The Devarshola city is divided into 18 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Ten Dravidian languages are found only here, and they have been studied in great detail for decades by professional linguists. The district is bounded by Coimbatore and Palakkad to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka and Wayanad district of Kerala to the north, and Malappuram district of Kerala to the west. The fact is, last census for The Nilgiris district was done only in 2011 and next such census would only be in 2021. Ooty too has an annual summer flower show. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. NORTHERN COMPLEX It has the single largest contiguous population of Asiatic elephants in its range and holds the key to the long term survival of the species. Sadly, these half-truths are being relied on by the regime to deny the Badagas their rightful livelihood. The District has an area of 2452.50 sq.km. In 1870 the practice began of key government personnel moving to the hills to conduct business during summer months in this more temperate climate. Similarly child sex ratio in The Nilgiris district was 982 in 2011 census. The 40 mud-forts in the area had been abandoned. Three national parks protect portions of the Nilgiris. The Devarshola Town Panchayat has population of 24,954 of which 12,342 are males while 12,612 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Other large mammals found in the area are the gaur, sambar and tiger. The Blue Mountains were likely named for the widespread blue Strobilanthes flower or the smoky haze enveloping the area. What is the population of The Nilgiris in 2021? As per 2011 census the population of this district is as follows Of the languages native to the Nilgiris, Badaga is spoken by the largest number of people: around 150,000, forming 17% of the population. This area was long occupied by the indigenous tribal peoples of the Toda, Kota, Kurumba, Irula and Badagas. Tourism is an important source of revenue for the Nilgiris. They reached the site of Ootacamund, but failed to see the complete plateau. In census enumeration, data regarding child under 0-6 age were also collected for all districts including The Nilgiris.  In 1812 they were the first British to make a cursory survey of the Nilgiri plateau and produce a map. The Nilgiris district popularly known as the “Blue Mountains “is a tiny district, with an area of 2545 sq.km, forms an integral part of the Western Ghats and the Nilgiris Bio-sphere Reserve. Child Sex Ratio as per census 2011 was 985 compared to 979 of census 2001. ... International Tiger Day 2020: Population of India’s tigers doubled in 12 years! These evergreen rain forests are extremely diverse. In 2011, total 135 families live on footpath or without any roof cover in The Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu. Unlike elsewhere in the country, no historical evidence is found of a state on the Nilgiris or that it was part of any ancient kingdom or empire. info); abbreviated as Udhagai), is a town and a municipality in the Nilgiris district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.It is located 86 km north of Coimbatore and 128 km south of Mysore and is the headquarters of the Nilgiris district.It is a popular hill station located in the Nilgiri Hills. There are three revenue divisions here,Uhagamandalam Coonoor and Gudalur. Tamil is the principal language spoken in the Nilgiris, spoken by 48% of the population. The Nilgiri Mountain Train, locally known as the Toy Train, attracts tourists as the journey has extensive views of the hills and forests. Several tourist spots in Coonoor include Lambs Rock and Sims Park, where a Fruit Show is held during each summer. Climate change in peninsular India may have pushed a pastoralist community, most likely the Todas, and their buffalo herds, to the highest elevations of the Nilgiris in the Western Ghats, at least 1500 years before what historical accounts assume, a research has claimed.. Todas are one of the six indigenous tribes inhabiting the high mountains of the Nilgiris … According to the 2011 census, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394 with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929 females. The other main towns in the Nilgiris are Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Wellington. Outside these parks much of the native forest has been cleared for grazing cattle, or has been encroached upon or replaced by plantations of tea, eucalyptus, cinchona and acacia.  It was filmed in A Passage to India, representing the railway to the caves. The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of The Nilgiris district for 2011 is 287 people per sq. Their highest point is the mountain of Doddabetta, height 2,637 m. The district is contained mainly within the Nilgiri Mountains range. Jagathala is a Town Panchayat city in district of The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups PVTGs, the dominant land owners of the tribal district. Other tourist destinations in the district are Pykara Waterfalls and the Ooty Lake, Avalanche and Doddabetta peak. He interviewed people who identified as Toda and Badega, the latter occupying three villages at that time. The principal town of the area is Ootacamund, also known as Ooty or Udhagamandalam, the district headquarters. The Nilgiri tahrs are found only in the montane grasslands of the Southwestern Ghats, and number barely 2000 individuals. There is no Urban Agglomeration inside The Nilgiris District.  The annual flower show, organised by the Government of Tamil Nadu at the Botanical Garden in Ooty, is an annual event, known for its display of roses. Demographics in The Nilgiris District - Population, Age Group Population, Religion, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe, Others, Projected Total Population, Projected Rural and Urban Population, ... Wednesday, December 16, 2020. The district comprises six taluks: Udhagamandalam (Ooty/Ootacamund), Kundah, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Pandalur. With an alarming decrease in the number of Toda buffaloes, the Todas and local conservationists have been finding novel ways to revive the buffalo population. The Kota lived in seven dispersed villages ("kokal").  The village roads are maintained by the Panchayat Union. They with the support of political parties inimical to the natives of Nilgiris have been superseded by the Encyclopaedia of the Nilgiri Hills (2012) authored by China-based researcher Paul Hockings, who calls the Nilgiris his first home and holds a bias against the Badagas. The district has an area of 2,552.50 km2. Mukurthi National Park lies in the southwest of the range, in Kerala, and covers an area of 78.5 km2, which includes intact shola-grassland mosaic, a habitat for the Nilgiri tahr. It is a Swiss-designed rack railway as far as Coonoor. There are 16 rainfall-registering stations in the district, and the average annual rainfall of the district is 1,920.80 mm. A Dravidian ethnic group of The Nilgiris, the Toda people live in small huts made with bamboo and mud called munds; there are about 2000-odd Todas living in the district. The Nilgiris district administers 2,565 square kilometers of areas. During winter the temperature maximum is 20 °C (68 °F) and the minimum 0 °C (32 °F). By the end of the 19th century, the hills were completely accessible, as several Ghat roads and the railway line had been constructed. Malayalam is the second largest language, with 20% speaking it. It has smaller populations speaking Kannada, Telugu and Urdu, forming 7%, 3% and 2% of the population respectively. One Chinese gardener was critical to the district's future, for he worked with Margaret B. L. Cockburn in Aruvenu, near Kotagiri, to develop Allport's, the first Nilgiri tea plantation, which started operations in 1863. These are divided among four panchayat unions: Udhagamandalam, Coonoor, Kotagiri and Gudalur. All local bodies have passed resolutions and the process of conversion … In Nilgiris District the topography is rolling and steep. In the 2014 census, the tiger population in the Nilgiris was estimated to … In January 2010, the Nilgiri Declaration set out a wide range environmental and sustainable development goals to be reached by 2015. There are one district headquarters government hospital, five taluk hospitals, 38 primary health centres, 194 health sub-centres, and five plague circles in the district. Check dams have been constructed wherever possible to exploit natural springs. In 2010, this rose to 80 in the Nilgiris with a population of 62 in the MTR alone. The migration theory is now totally rejected by educated Badagas, as admittedly the land holdings of the district majorly indicates the Badagas as owners in almost all Taluks of the district. The Toda had only a few hamlets on the lower Wynaad plateau and in the nearby Biligiriranga hills. 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