Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. The ephors, chosen by popular election from the whole body of citizens, represented a democratic element in the constitution. How were they different? They were the chief priests of the state, and performed certain sacrifices and also maintained communication with the Delphic sanctuary, which always exercised great authority in Spartan politics. This created social classes within Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the 'council of elders'. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. Athens had leaders such as Pericles, but it was not absolute rule as Sparta was. Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. This was due to her army, which was feared by other Greeks. Another theory suggests that the two royal houses represent respectively the Spartan conquerors and their Achaean predecessors: those who hold this last view appeal to the words attributed by Herodotus (v. 72) to Cleomenes I: "I am no Dorian, but an Achaean"; although this is usually explained by the (equally legendary) descent of Aristodemus from Heracles. Its democracy was "the rule of the mob," and historians consider the Athenians as the developers of democracy. There was an assembly of citizens, but this did not have the power of the citizen assembly in democratic Athens. Athens had leaders such as Pericles, but it was not absolute rule as Sparta was. What Type of Government Did Athens Have? What kind of government did Sparta have? The Spartans had no historical records, literature, or written laws, which were, according to tradition, prohibited. Unlike other Grecian kings, Spartan Kings had very little power and did not have an autocratic rule over day-to-day life. These kings would lead the army in times of war. Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. The Spartan political system was unusual in that it had two hereditary kings from two separate families. What subjects did students take in Ancient Sparta and why? They also had … Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. Socrates - Socrates - Background of the trial: The trial of Socrates in 399 bce occurred soon after Athens’s defeat at the hands of Sparta in the Peloponnesian War (431–404 bce). What kind of person was allowed on the council of Sparta? A Spartan citizen in good standing (a Spartiate) was one who maintained his fighting skills, showed bravery in battle, ensured that his farms were productive, was married and had healthy children. Compare the governments of Athens and Sparta. Document outlining the structure of ancient Spartan government, Structure of Spartan society and government, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spartan_Constitution&oldid=1000070501, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from September 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 12:05. Free e-mail watchdog. This type of government is called an oligarchy. Attributed to the mythical figure of Lycurgus, the legendary law-giver, the Spartan system of government is known mostly from The Lacedaemonion Politeia, a treatise attributed to the ancient Greek historian Xenophon, describing the institutions, customs, and practices of the ancient Spartans. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Usually, the only people eligible to receive the agoge were sons of Spartiate—men who could trace their ancestry to the original inhabitants of the city. Jimmy fans real nMe; VIP Elite PCh Glim 50,000.00 Tokens Glim $10,000.000.00 Gwy no16000 Glim $1,000,000.00 Gwy 11812 Glim $750,000.00 Gwy no15000 AnaRosenbohm; On the Visit screen, you will not see one of the following: Select one: a. However, there were many other political influences in Sparta other than the kings. All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. This type of government is called an oligarchy. Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the … Others in the state were the Perioeci or Períoikoi, a social class and population group of non-citizen inhabitants. SPARTA GOVERNMENT Sparta was ruled by two kings. It was governed by a system that comprised elements of monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. Pour autoriser Verizon Media et nos partenaires à traiter vos données personnelles, sélectionnez 'J'accepte' ou 'Gérer les paramètres' pour obtenir plus d’informations et pour gérer vos choix. Informations sur votre appareil et sur votre connexion Internet, y compris votre adresse IP, Navigation et recherche lors de l’utilisation des sites Web et applications Verizon Media. A monarchy was governed by only one person. Why? Council of Elders-28 of them, citizens over the age of 60, presented laws to the assembly. The phalanx formation was a close-rank, dense grouping of warriors armed with long spears and interlocking shields. On the other hand, Sparta's government at its peak never was as democratic as Athens at its. After the ephors were introduced, they, together with the two kings, were the executive branch of the state. Although the five ephors were the only officials with regular legitimization by popular vote, in practice they were often the most conservative force in Spartan politics. A free-born Spartan who had successfully completed the agoge became a "peer" (ὅμοιος, hómoios, literally "similar") with full civil rights at the age of 20, and remained one as long as he could contribute his equal share of grain to the syssitia, a common military mess in which he was obliged to dine every evening for as long as he was battle-worthy (usually until the age of 60). Fergus O'Brien/Taxi/Getty Images. Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. They thought of themselves as Greeks. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and the Eurypontid families, both descendants of Heracles and equal in authority so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague, though the Agiad king received greater honour by virtue of seniority of his family for being the "oldest extant" (Herod. Introduction. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. But the Spartans were the best warriors in all of Greece. You may have heard that ancient Greece invented democracy, but democracy was only one type of government employed by the Greeks, and when it first evolved, many Greeks thought it a bad idea.. The council was made up … An Oligarchy. They thought of themselves as Greeks. We still have the type of government democracy today. Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis. Nos partenaires et nous-mêmes stockerons et/ou utiliserons des informations concernant votre appareil, par l’intermédiaire de cookies et de technologies similaires, afin d’afficher des annonces et des contenus personnalisés, de mesurer les audiences et les contenus, d’obtenir des informations sur les audiences et à des fins de développement de produit. The Council of Elders consisted of two kings and 28 other men. Athens and Sparta were the two largest city-states and they had many wars and battles. High state policy decisions were discussed by this council who could then propose action alternatives to the demos. : democracy - a government comprised what type of government did sparta have three systems, the royal prerogatives were over. By popular election from the other Greek city-states throughout the Archaic and classical periods and was for. Classical Greek city-state of Sparta were also priests of Zeus, Lacedaemonis and Zeus.... 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