[3], The Vindhya range is also known as "Vindhyachala" or "Vindhyachal"; the suffix achala (Sanskrit) or achal (Hindi) refers to a mountain. The Great Himalaya also has two of Uttarakhan's important glaciers: the Gangotri glacier is the source of the holy Ganges River, while the Yamunotri glacier feeds the Yamuna River. [3] Some of these are actually distinct hill systems. Although the mountains are not very high, Indian mythologies described them as dangerous an inaccessible due to hostile tribes and dense vegetation. Amarkantak is located at an elevation of 1,048 m (3,438 ft), situated in the dense forest region of Madhya Pradesh. Abu. [19] Although the Indo-Aryan languages (such as Marathi and Konkani) spread to the south of Vindhyas later, the Vindhyas continued to be seen as the traditional boundary between the northern and the southern Indian nations. … [21][22] In the older Sanskrit texts, such as the Ramayana, they are described as the unknown territory infested with cannibals and demons. The mountains were said to be infested with demons and cannibals. It further implies that the sea was located just to the south of the Vindhyas, and Lanka was located across this sea. Narmada and Son rivers drain the southern slopes of the Vindhyas. 400. post-template-default,single,single-post,postid-400,single-format-standard,bridge-core-1.0.6,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,,qode_grid_1300,footer_responsive_adv,qode-theme-ver-18.2,qode-theme-bridge,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-6.0.5,vc_responsive . The Aravali Range is the oldest mountain range in India, and it is also one of the oldest mountain ranges in the world. [7] Historical texts include Amarkantak (1000+ m) in the Vindhyas, but today, it is considered a part of the Maikal Range, which is considered as an extension of the Satpuras. Vindhya Range Quiz Related: Which plateau lies between the Aravalli and the Vindhya ranges? V. Neufeldt. [1] Ramayana from Valmiki states that the great mountain Vindhya that was growing incessantly and obstructing the path of the Sun stopped growing any more in obedience to Agastya's words. Amarkantak is the tallest peak o… [32], "Vindhya" redirects here. Today, the mountains represent the traditional border between south and north India. MC Chaturvedi mentions the average elevation as 300 m. Pradeep Sharma states that the "general elevation" of the Vindhyas is 300–650 m, with the range rarely going over 700 m during its 1200 km extent. Ans. The exact extent of the Vindhyas is loosely defined, and historically, the term covered a number of distinct hill systems in central India, including the one that is now known as the Satpura Range. The Vindhya range rises in height east of Chhota Udaipur.[13]. The eastern portion of the Vindhyas comprises multiple chains, as the range divides into branches east of Malwa. Ans. These hill are relatively less strong and are small in size. In reverence for Agastya, the Vindhya lowered its height and promised not to grow until Agastya returned to the north. Ans. Vindhya range is a very old mountain range in central India. [3] The most ancient Hindu texts consider it as the southern boundary of Aryavarta. The Vindhyas do not form a single range in the proper geological sense: the hills collectively known as the Vindhyas do not lie along an anticlinal or synclinal ridge. The southern slopes of the range are drained by the Holy Narmada River also known as Narmada valley. Vindhya Range; Encyclopædia Britannica This page was last changed on 13 February 2020, at 13:52. The average height is between 980 and 2,140 feet. Earlier, the term "Vindhyas" was used in a wider sense, and included a number of hill ranges between the Indo-Gangetic plain and the Deccan Plateau. [2] According to another theory, the name "Vindhya" means "hunter" in Sanskrit, and may refer to the tribal hunter-gatherers inhabiting the region. Gujarat, Maharastra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu . Because of their horizontal sandstone structure, the mountains tend to be flat-topped and plateaulike. The Aravalli Range (Devanagari, also spelled Aravali range, is a range of mountains running approximately 692 km (430 mi) in a southwest direction, starting in North India from Delhi and passing through southern Haryana, through to Western India across the states of Rajasthan and ending in Gujarat. Other websites. She is described as Vindhyavasini ("Vindhya dweller"), and a temple dedicated to her is located in the Vindhyachal town of Uttar Pradesh. Vindhya Range — /vɪndjə ˈreɪndʒ/ (say vindyuh raynj) noun a mountain range in central India. The northern slopes of the Vindhyas are drained by these rivers. The northern section range is drained by several rivers and tributaries including the Tamsa, Parbati, Dhasan, Betwa, Chambal, Kali Sindh, and Ken, while the Son and Narmada Rivers drain the southern section. MC Chaturvedi mentions the average elevation as 300 m.[15] Pradeep Sharma states that the "general elevation" of the Vindhyas is 300–650 m, with the range rarely going over 700 m during its 1200 km extent. The maximum height is about 752 meter (2,467 feet) from sea level. The Himalayas and the Vindhyas are both mentioned in the national anthem of India. The average elevation of the mountains varies depending on the extent of the range. These actually form the split between Indo-Gangetic flatlands and Deccan position of country. Countries: India Highest point:, 1 100 m. Length: 1 000 km Ahaggar: Bismarck: Grampian: Massif Central: Sierra Madre Or. In certain Puranas, the term Vindhya specifically covers the mountain range located between the Narmada and the Tapti rivers; that is, the one which is now known as the Satpura Range. Several ancient Indian texts and inscriptions (e.g. The Aravali Range. Sadbhawna Shikhar (752 mt) In which of the following states Western Ghat is extended? For other uses, see, Topographic map of India showing the highest point of the Vindhya range, "Sloka & Translation | Valmiki Ramayanam", "Influence of the Aryans upon the Aboriginal speech of India", "Vindhyavasini: Local Goddess yet Great Goddess", "Age of the Vindhyan Supergroup: A review of recent findings", "The controversial "Cambrian" fossils of the Vindhyan are real but more than a billion years older", "Indian fossil find resolves fraud accusations", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vindhya_Range&oldid=1000609315, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 21:43. A southern chain of Vindhyas runs between the upper reaches of the Son and Narmada rivers to meet the Satpura Range in the Maikal Hills near Amarkantak. 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