The Battle of Marathon was a watershed in the Greco-Persian wars, showing the Greeks that the Persians could be beaten; the eventual Greek triumph in these wars can be seen to have begun at Marathon. Get Started. Yes it was a total Victory for the Greeks. The name Iran derives from the word “Asyran,” and during the first half of the first millennium, the Iranian-speaking people moved gradually into the area of the Zagros Mountains, the largest groups known as the Medes and Persians. In response, a Greek army led by Leonidas’ brother Kleombrotos began to build a defensive wall near Corinth but winter halted the land campaign. While the first invasion had been repelled by the Greek hoplite forces, the coming wave was much too large to be beaten on land. contribution the key factor in bringing about a Greek victory in the Persian Wars, 480-479 BC?To a very large extent Themistocles did play the key role in bringing about a Greek victory against the Persians in 480-479BC. While it was suitable for stopping arrows,... ...the Persian Empire, ruled by Cyrus the Great, was a major threat to the states of Greece. Start studying Greece 1.1: The Persian Wars. Persia wanted better schools. 5, Section 3 The Spartan victors stripped Athenians of their naval fleet and empire. Even the Greek oracle at Delphi encouraged prudence in face of such an overwhelming force (7.140). Daniel Ashby The Persian Wars were fought between the Greeks and Persians over two thousand years ago. The answer lies in the difference in their equipment, tactics and their training. The Persian Wars were a series of destructive and malevolent battles which occurred in the time frame of 490B.C and 480 – 479B.C. After his death, Xerxes, his son, planned the second war and gathered an enormous navy and army. 900 seconds . However it was Themistocles that persuaded the war council to fight at Salamis. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. Athenian democracy ensured that talented individuals rose to positions of power and influence such as Miltiades and Themistocles. SURVEY . There was the first Persian war in 490 BC, but the Persians were routed. Herodotus, the world’s first historian, who describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under the power of its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius the Great, in his book “The Histories” says, “Darius the Great had begged his god to grant him the punishment of the Athenians.” Due to interfere of Greeks in Ionian war with Persian Empire, the Persian army invaded mainland Greece to gain revenge for the Athenian’s aid to the Ionians. Forums. We Can Help!" more people. Each contributing factor was to play a distinctive and pivotal role The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. If it had not been for him then Athens would have not used some newly found silver to build 200 new ships for their navy. Now, there were many errors in the movie (the number of men on both sides being the chiefest of them). 19). Strong leadership was the most important aspect of the Greek defence, as without the intelligence and bravery of the leaders, the Greeks would have been easily defeated. Themistocles strategy was a complete success with the Persians losing 200 ships whilst the Greeks lost only 40. The second Persian war was a war of much significance to European history. Beginning in 449 BCE, the Persians attempted to aggravate the growing tensions between Athens and Sparta, and would even bribe politicians to achieve these aims. The wars with Greece and Persia were a result due to rebellion, but who won the war? The average Persian soldier wore very little in the way of armor preferring mobility over protection. The naval victories were the most important contribution, Persian Empire Expedition to Greece (492 B.C.) The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. Formation of soldiers carrying shields close together for defense; any very close group of people. The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. This first expedition was to be known as the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. But what was the Persian war? The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE, when Greeks in the Persian-controlled territory rose in the Ionian Revolt. It depicted the emotional response of the Persian Elders, the Queen Mother Atossa, a herald, King Xerxes, and the ghost of Darius upon hearing the news of the Persian defeat at the Battle of Salamis against the Greeks. This puts the advantage squarely in the Persian hand up till now. The key to Athens' strength in the 5th Century BC was in this general and statesman and therefore, as Greek victory relied so heavily on Athens, Themistocles vitally contributed to the outcome of the Persian king’s invasion of 480-479 BC. The origin of the Persian Empire can be attributed to the leadership of Cyrus the Great. The solution of the clash between the East and the West was to create the entire future for the region. King Xerxes I was the son of King Darius the Great, arguably “the greatest monarch in all of the ancient world”1. After serving at the battle of Marathon, in 490BC during the first invasion, Themistocles was one of the few who realized the threat of future invasions from the eastern power of Persia. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. However, Sparta rejected calls from its allies to destroy Athens (perhaps out of respect for Athen’s role in the Persian Wars). Cyrus was able to create a vast empire that would last more than two hundred years. Victory of Greece in the Greco-Persian Wars Greek Victory in Second Persian Wars Assess the reasons for the victory of the Greeks in the Second Persian. Such factors include unity, leadership, strategy, tactics and the pre-eminence of the Greek soldier. See answer claudiaocampo3662 is waiting for your help. Thucydides describes Themistocles as a man who showed an ‘unmistakable natural genius’. Joined May 21, 2009 Messages 114 Gender Female HSC 2009 Oct 13, 2009 #2 I've always studied both, in case I get a shit question for one of them so I can do the other. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians. According to Herodotus, Some of the northern Greek city states had already surrendered to Xerxes. According to the Modern Historians Bengtson and Paul K. Davis, a Persian force of 20,000 led by the tyrant Hippias, landed at the Bay of Marathon, about 25.5 miles from Athens. The invasion was an immediate call to the defeat of the first Persian war of Greece that lasted from 492 BC to 490 BC at the Battle of Marathon. See answer claudiaocampo3662 is waiting for your help. yes indeed Votes: 12 46.2% negatory Votes: 14 53.8% Total voters 26; Status Closed Prev. greek persian save the west victory wars; Home. Vastly outnumbered, the Greeks eventually triumphed by defeating their enemies at Plataea, but not before fighting one of history’s greatest military stands at Thermopylae. They possessed grave trepidations because of a lack of news from the front. The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE, when Greeks in the Persian-controlled territory rose in the Ionian Revolt. The Gulf War. The Persian army relied heavily on calvary and archers I felt pretty darn lucky to have studied the Delian League. According to Herodotus Miltiades was the architect of several Greek strategies that achieved victory at Marathon. Another important reason includes the Ionian Revolt, and associated revolts. Following their defeats at the hands of the Greeks, and plagued by internal rebellions that hindered their ability to fight foreign enemies, the Persians adopted a policy of divide-and-rule. For Greeks it was simply somebody who could not speak Greek language. They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. Which of these was not a result of the greek victory in the persian wars? Such were the Greco-Persian Wars, often simply called the Persian Wars. History >> Ancient Greece The Persian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Persians and the Greeks from 492 BC to 449 BC. strong central leadership. Miltiades is credited with persuading the war archon Callimachus through a stirring speech to cast his deciding vote in favour of an offensive strategy. Let us, therefore, return to Thucydides' often overlooked observation and ask what were the Persian military errors in Greece. The Great King of Persia, his empire encompassed the majority of the known world. Others, especially Miltiades supported an offensive strategy. 1. The Greeks were victorious because they out-planned and out-thought the Persians, taking advantage of their own knowledge of the terrain and benefiting from Persians’ errors on the battlefield. cassiecocaine Member . As time went by, the Greek city-states were under the rule of the Persians. Which of these was not a result of the greek victory in the persian wars? Thus the question arises of why such an army failed to compel Greece into submission. Struggling to control the independent-minded cities of Ionia, the Persians appointed tyrantsto rule each of them. One has to recall what H. R. Immerwahr wrote forty years ago in his review of Hignett’s Xerxes Invasion of Greece, Oxford 1962: “In the present state of the Herodotean studies, it would perhaps be best to leave in abeyance the question of what actually happened in the Persian Wars, and to focus instead on the ancient traditions themselves” (Gnomon 39, 1967, pp. Themistocles was responsible for the Greek victory in the Persian wars to a considerable extent. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians. Of his many preparations, he... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Add your answer and earn points. As well as this, Themistocles’ strategy in key battle such as Thermopylae, Artemisium and Salamis were vital to to war effort. A Persian soldier wore a corset covered in metal plates under his tunic and carried with him a gerron, a shield traditionally made of leather and wicker. This had severe ramifications for the Persian forces and, Alfred Wegener: Theory of Continental Drift, The Government and Fiscal Policy Sample Questions. Who were the Persians? Persia wanted farmland. Themistocles plan for the defense of Greece lay with its navy, and it was this belief of Themistocles, that ‘it was his ambition to unite the whole city to the sea’ (Herodotus), that formed the principal reason for the defeat of the Persians. They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. Start studying Greece Test #2 Persian War Reasons for Victory. Themistocles possessed an incredible foresight and began to prepare against the inevitable Persian invasion early on, his political leadership to a domestic level in Athens contributed to the state’s naval strength, and similarly, his political leadership in the conception of a united Greek defence was a significant achievement. Battle of Plataea. This made the defensible position at the Isthmus more favourable as the other northern city states were sure to fall as well and many Peloponnesian city states were reluctant to send troops north to defend cities that were not their own and vulnerable to the Persians massive infantry. Ancient History Hsc: the Greek World 500-440bc. This series of wars consisted of some famous battles; Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis and Plataea which resulted in a Greek victory. The fifth century victory over the Persians allowed Athens to thrive, go through its golden age and develop democracy, architecture, philosophy, literature, drama. The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC. Few periods are better documented than this episode of the Greek past, certainly for research on such questions. Despite the Greek victory, the end of the Greco-Persian Wars did not end Persia's desire to meddle in Greek affairs, nor did it lead to unity among the Greek city-states. Greek victory over the Persian navy during the Second Persian War. In fact, the impact of military factors has changed the course of history not only in the short term, but in the long term as well. Athens, and other Greek cities, sent aid, but were quickly forced to back down after defeat in 494 BCE. The defeat at Thermopylae, though glorious, allowed the Persians to make in-roads into Greece. The Greek victory made possible the continued existence of a distinct Greek civilization and culture, exemplified by Periclean Athens in succeeding decades in the creation and development of a unique Western civilization. The... ...held off an army of over one million led by Xerxes I. Herodotus in his narrative has... ...------------------------------------------------- The Greeks were able to win the Greco-Persian War because of their naval victories over the Persians, a few key strategic victories on land, as well as the cause for which they were fighting. A brilliant and powerful Persian king, he enlarged nearby islands and united them into one empire. At the beginning of the 5th century BC, the Persian Empire extended By using Sun Tzu’s classic text to analyze the, Xerxes was a man of power. 5, Section 3 The Spartan victors stripped Athenians of their naval fleet and empire. Described by ancient writer Thucydides as ‘a man who showed an unmistakable natural genius… and deserves our admiration’, Themistocles was the most influential leader of the Athenian war effort against the Persians. The Greco-Persian Wars or Persian Wars were a series of battles in the 5th century BCE between Greece and Persia. Most of the Greek vessels were equipped with rams and were faster and more agile in the confined waterway. The reasons for the Greek victory against the Persians in 490 to 480/479 BC was a mixture of exceptional leadership, skilful tactics and strategy, superior weapons and soldiers, and Greek unity. Nonetheless, the Persian Wars were important because the final result was the separation of Greece and the Near East. The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. Before departing, the ghost of Darius prophesies another Persian defeat at the Battle of Plataea (479 BCE). Their helmets limited their vision greatly, as well as their hearing. 81 - 90 of 500 . So, for the exception of the Spartan military, the Persian soldiers were better trained. Five pivotal roles he undertook were of varying degrees responsible for Greece’s success against Xerxes. 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